The Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus or Cricetulus barabensis griseus) is a rodent in but the genus Cricetulus of the subfamily Cricetidae that originated in the deserts of northern China and Mongolia. They are distinguished by an uncommonly long tail in comparison to other hamsters, most of whose tails are stubby. Chinese hamsters are primarily nocturnal, however they will stay awake for brief periods, in between naps, throughout the day.
Chinese hamsters grow to between 82 and 127 mm in body length (tail length 20–33 mm) and weigh 1.7 grams at birth, then as they get older can weigh 30–45 grams. Males have a fairly large scrotum relative to their body size. Their body proportions, compared to other hamster species – most of which tend to be compact – appear “long and thin” and they have (for a hamster) a relatively long tail. They live two to three years on average.
The wild colour is brown with a black stripe down the spine, black and grey ticks and a whitish belly. This coloration, combined with their lithe build and longer tail, makes them look “mousy” to some eyes and, in fact, they are members of the group called ratlike hamsters.
Chinese hamsters and Chinese striped hamsters are solitary,like the others hamster.